Use of Transition Words

What are transitions and how are they used?

  • transitions are phrases or words that are used to connect one idea to the next
  • transitions are used by the author to help the reader progress from one significant idea to the next; in other words, they make an essay coherent
  • transitions also show the relationship within a paragraph (or even within a sentence) between the main idea and the support the author gives for those ideas
  • different transitions do different things…

Additive Transitions:

These show addition, introduction, similarity to other ideas, etc…
Words that show Addition relationships:

additionally, also, moreover, not to mention (this), in addition (to this), furthermore, further, and, too, either (neither), besides (this), not only (this) but also (that) as well, as well (as this), what is more, or, alternatively, nor, on the other hand, in fact, as a matter of fact, to tell you the truth, to say nothing of, actually, indeed, let alone, much less
Words that Introduce:
such as, for example, for instance, as, like, especially, particularly, in particular, notably, including, for one thing, by way of example, as an illustration, to illustrate
Words that Reference:
speaking about (this), as for (this), considering (this), concerning (this), regarding (this), on the subject of (this), with regards to (this), the fact that
Words that show Similarity:
similarly, likewise, in the same way, in a like manner, by the same token, equally
Words that Identify:
that is (to say), namely, specifically, thus
Words that show Clarification:
that is (to say), I mean, in other words, (to) put (it) another way

Adversative Transitions:

These transitions are used to signal conflict, contradiction concession, dismissal, etc.
Conflict:

but, however, in contrast, by way of contrast, (and) yet, when in fact, while, whereas, conversely, on the other hand, though (final position), still
Emphasis:
even more, above all, indeed, more importantly, besides
Concession:
but even so, however, (and) still, (and) yet, nevertheless, nonetheless, although, though, even though, on the other hand, despite (this), in spite of (this), regardless (of this), notwithstanding (this), be that as it may, granted (this), admittedly, albeit
Dismissal:
either way, whichever happens, in either case, in either event, whatever happens, all the same, in any case, in any event, at any rate
Replacement:
(or) at least, (or) rather, instead

Casual Transitions:

These transitions signal cause/effect and reason/result, etc.
Cause/Reason:

being that, seeing that, since, as, inasmuch as, forasmuch as, because (of the fact), due to (the fact that), in view of (the fact), owing to (the fact), for the (simple) reason that, for, in that
Condition:
if, in case, provided that, providing that, on (the) condition (that), in the event that, given that, granted (that), granting (that), as/so long as, even if, only if, unless
Effect/Result:
so that, so, so much (so) that, for this reason, as a result (of this), because (of this), therefore, consequently, as a consequence, thus, hence, in consequence, accordingly
Purpose:
so, so as to, so that, in order to, in order that, with this in mind, with this intention, in the hope that, for the purpose of, to the end that, for fear that, lest
Consequence:
then, if so, in that case, that being the case, under those circumstances, if not, otherwise

Sequencial Transitions:

These transitions are used to signal a chronological or logical sequence.
Numerical:

in the (first, second, etc) place, initially, secondly, at first, to start with, to begin with, for a start, first of all
Continuation:
previously, after (this), afterwards, eventually, subsequently, before (this), next, then
Conclusion:
finally, eventually, at last, in the end, at last, last but not least, as a final point, lastly, to conclude (with)
Digression:
by the way, incidentally, to change to topic
Resumption:
anyhow, anyway, at any rate, to get back to the point, to return to the subject, to resume
Summation:
in conclusion, to sum up, to summarize, in summary, in sum, as I have said, as was previously stated, as has been mentioned, as has been noted, then, given these points, therefore, so, consequently, thus, hence, on the whole, altogether, in all, all in all, overall, to make a long story short, to put it briefly, briefly, in short, to be brief, in a word